100 percent renewable targets

100 percent renewable targets

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Since Hawaii became the first state in the country to pass a 100 percent renewable energy target in 2015, a number of other states, cities and utilities have followed suit. In fact, more than a dozen states and US territories have gotten in on the action with targets to procure all of their electricity from either renewable or non-emitting resources. As new states pass legislation, we will be sure to keep this list up to date.

100 percent renewable vs. 100 percent clean

There are two primary types of targets that states are setting: 100 percent renewable energy targets and 100 percent clean energy targets. Though the two types of targets may sound like the same thing, there is actually one major difference between the two of them: whereas renewable energy targets explicitly require that electricity is generated from renewable resources such as solar, wind, hydropower, clean energy targets allow for compliance from any non-carbon-emitting resources, such as nuclear generators. Both types of targets result in a 100 percent reduction of carbon emissions from electricity production; however, the means used to reach those targets are rather different.

The debate over the role of nuclear energy in a clean energy transition is a divisive one. Paying attention to the specific wording of state targets is an important and illustrative way to keep track of where your community landed in this debate.

States with 100 percent renewable and clean energy targets

Below is a list of states with either 100 percent renewable energy or 100 percent clean energy targets that have been passed into law or signed as an explicit goal through executive orders: updated May 2, 2020

StateType of 100% targetYearStatus
ArizonaClean energy2070Order
CaliforniaClean energy2045Law
ColoradoClean energy2050Law
ConnecticutClean energy2040Order
HawaiiRenewable energy2045Law
MaineRenewable energy2050Law
NevadaClean energy2050Law
New JerseyClean energy2050Order
New MexicoClean energy2045Law
New YorkClean energy2040Law
Puerto RicoRenewable energy2050Law
Rhode IslandRenewable energy2030Order
VirginiaClean energy2045Law
WashingtonClean energy2045Law
Washington DCRenewable energy2032Law
WisconsinClean energy2050order

Source: CleanEnergy States Alliance. Please note that states with net-zero greenhouse gas emissions were not included as this still allows for fossil fuel consumption.

Other entities with 100 percent renewable targets

The best resource for tracking cities and municipalities with a commitment to 100 percent renewable energy is the Sierra Club’s “Ready for 100” list. They currently list over 120 cities and municipalities with a commitment to 100 percent renewable energy, as well as more than 10 counties.

Another group actively participating in the clean energy transition are utilities. As of 2019, seven utilities had explicitly committed to 100 percent clean energy either through their planning process or as a public-facing goal:

  • Avista (2045)
  • Green Mountain Power (2025)
  • Idaho Power (2045)
  • Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM) (2040)
  • Xcel Energy (2050)
  • DTE Energy (2050)
  • Arizona Public Service Company (2050)

Participate in the renewable energy transition with solar

Regardless of whether or not you live in a territory with a commitment to 100 percent renewable or clean energy, you can participate in the transition to clean energy at your own home by going solar. Installing solar panels on your property allows you to offset most or even all of your electricity consumption with sustainably produced energy from the sun. To get free, online quotes for solar from local, pre-screened solar companies, register for the EnergySage Marketplace today.

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About Spencer Fields

Spencer is the Manager of Market Strategy & Intelligence at EnergySage, where he writes about all things energy. Prior to joining EnergySage, he spent five years at Synapse Energy Economics, providing environmental, economic and policy analysis for public interest groups. Spencer has degrees in Environmental Studies and Hispanic Studies from Brown University, meaning when he's not in the office you can find him outside or traveling somewhere to work on his Spanish.

One thought on “100 percent renewable targets

  1. Ernest key

    Great to hear that electric companies are interested in 100% renewable energy. I do have issues with xcel in my area though as they don’t offer net metering! What they do offer is a 2 meter setup at an additional fee per month. This, to me sounds like they are not 100% commented as I am going to start solar as soon as I can despite the 2 meters


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